I recently was asked to hang a door in a new opening. Here the client had a new door lining fitted (the frame that a door fits into) and asked me to provide the door and furniture for fitting into the door opening.
Trimming the door
The new door was a really nice fit for the width, but needed a small amount taking off the bottom. All doors have a certain amount of timber that can be removed to allow hanging a door into individual door openings. (Beware going beyond this allowance, as you can end up cutting into the hollow portion especially for modern lightweight doors.)
Using the correct tools, I removed the amount of timber required
After trimming and putting back into the opening, the door was a nice fit with an even gap on both sides and enough of a gap at the top to raise the door so that it could swing in the opening. This is the important step when fitting a door.
Marking and fitting the hinges
The next step was to measure the frame for the hinge placement and mark out the outline of the hinges.
Traditionally, when hanging a door, hinges were fitted at 6 inches down and 9 inches up. This spacing allows for the optical illusion for even spacing of the hinges when looking at the door. This is when you have one hinge near to eye level and the other low down on the door. (As we are now metric, I measured 150mm and 230mm – but they are pretty much the same distances…!)
After marking the position of the hinges, using a sharp pencil, I placed the hinge on the door frame with the correct projection of the body of the hinge, I marked the outline of each hinge ready for cutting into the door lining.
The next step was to carefully cut just inside the pencil marks on the door lining with a sharp chisel. Then working down the marked out area, I chopped out small sections of timber to create a rebate that the hinge fitted snugly into.
Here the picture shows this in progress, the finished rebate was cleaned up ready for marking the screw positions.
Once both hinge rebates had been chopped out on the door lining and the hinges fitted in place, it was just a case of packing up the door to fit centrally into the door frame. When this was done, I transferred the position of the hinges onto the door. Taking the door outside, I then followed the same routine for fitting the hinges in the door.
After fitting the hinges, the door was offered up into the opening for a final fit. The door threshold was slightly out of square, so a small amount needed to be planed off the toe of the door. Once this was done, the door was refitted and checked for full movement open and shut.
Fitting a door into a new door opening is fairly straight forward as everything tends to be square and plumb. Hanging a door in an existing opening especially for an older house can be more challenging, but the basic process in still the same.
Let me help
If you need help in fitting new doors, give me a ring or use my contact page. I will be very pleased to offer advice or drop by to help. Go to my Contacts page for ways to get in touch.